Trump Signs Executive Actions, But What Does That Mean Moving Forward?
WASHINGTON, DC (WCCU) —
Less than a week into his presidency and Donald Trump has already signed four executive orders.
But what does this mean when it comes to Congress and the Supreme Court?
With three branches of government, Legislative, Judicial, and Executive, the question is if the executive orders signed this week by President Trump have to be approved by congress and the Supreme Court?
The simple answer is no.
One of just a few executive orders President Donald Trump signed this week was to start construction to build a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border.
“There are a lot of things he can do,” University of Illinois Political Science Professor Gisela Sin said. “It increases his power."
But what is an executive order?
Well, it's one of several actions a president can execute.
"Every president has used this instrument,” she said. “The topic or substance over which these instruments can be applied has increased with time."
These instruments, include the executive order, the memoranda, which is like an order, but isn't required to be published for the public eye, and a proclamation, which affects private individuals.
After asking around the city of Champaign-Urbana, not many knew the terms and what power this gave to the president.
As long as there's a law in place, the president can create a new executive action.
Like with the order to construct a wall, the president's office is using immigration reforms and the Secure Fence Act of 2006 to expand the current fencing across the entire border.
Once an order is signed, neither congress nor the supreme court can overturn it unless it contradicts a previous law or part of the constitution.
However, Congress can try to pass a bill to make it more difficult for the order’s implementation, by amending the law the president is depending on to create the order.
Even so, the president can veto that bill.
"Would I like changes yes,” Sin said. “Restrictions in what the president can do or cannot do, or more clarifications on whether he can take actions... is that going to happen? I don't think so.”
One of the only ways to stop an executive action is if governing bodies see an issue with its inception.
This can include federal security and federal budgetary appropriations.